Also known as gum spirits or oil of turpentine. It is used for its antiseptic properties. It is found in furniture wax and cleaners, as a solvent, used in first aid as lice treatments, in chest rub and nasal inhalers and for treatment of abrasions and wounds.

Laboratory animals testing results ranged from eye, mucous membrane and skin irritation, central nervous system depression, nausea and mild convulsions to paralysis, loss of coordination, weakness, tumors, seizures and even death.

Human overexposure has mild to severe symptoms.

Inhalation: ranging from shortness of breath, fever, headache,confusion, chest pain, coughing, wheezing, excitement and anxiety to lung and airway damage, seizures, damage to the central nervous system.
Dermal exposure: irritation and burns or eczema to the skin and mucous membranes, redness, severe pain or even corneal erosion in eyes
Ingestion: ranging from fever, nausea, burns to the mouth, esophagus and stomach, blood in urine, painful urination, diarrhea to renal failure.
**Significant association has been made between chronic exposure (over five years) and lung/respiratory cancer**